Garanwyn is listed as a son of Kay in the Court List in the medieval Welsh tale Culhwch and Olwen. Garanwyn appears as Gronosis qui mout sot de mal (‘Gronosis who much knew of evil’) in the list of Knights of the Round Table in Chrétien de Troye’s Erec et Enide and in later lists drawing from this. This may suggest a knight known as a worker of evil, but may only refer to a good knight who has encountered evil.

In non-Welsh texts, Garanwyn/Gronsis only appears unambiguously in Chrétien’s list and the adapted versions of that list in Hartmann von Aue’s Erec (romance), and in Heinrich von dem Türlin’s Diu Krône, and in versions in some Grail Quest romances, as well as in the “Torec” section of the so-called Dutch Lancelot Compilation where he is one of twenty-one Arthurian knights who attack Torec and are overthrown by him (ll. 3335, 3343). Garanwyn is explicitly trying to avenge himself on Torec who has begun by overthrowing Garanwyn’s father Kay.

On the Form GronosisEdit

Roger Middleton (1976, p. 38) (as quoted by Linda Gowans [1988, p. 49]) says:

One might expect in French a form of the type *Granuuins composed almost entirely of minims and offering countless opportunities for misreading.

See the form Graimoins which appears in the list in the version of Erec et Enide in MS B.N. 1450.

Some Name VariationsEdit

WELSH: Garanwyn; FRENCH: Gronosis, Graimoins, Groelius, Ennios; GERMAN: Gronosis; DUTCH: Grevoen.

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