The Sun to most dwellers of the Earth appears as a large, hot, glowing ball that rises in the East, each day, passes through the sky, and sets in the west. The Sun, between the Arctic and Antarctic circles averages 24 hours between sunrises. In former times the Sun was often believed to be a person on some sort of craft, perhaps a boat or chariot, who passed through the sky by day and returned to the east again on a flood of water on the Earth or beneath the Earth. The Sun is considered to be male in some cultures and female in others. The Sun was often considered to be the lowest orbiting of the seven Planetary Gods.
The Sun According to ScienceEdit
The Sun is factually a large sphere of hot plasma interwoven with magnetic fields, Its diameter is 109 times that of Earth and its mass is 330,000 times that of the Earth. The Earth orbits the Sun, not the opposite as many formerly believed, and the time of its rotation is one year. The mean distance of the Sun from the Earth is approximately 149.6 million kilometers. The Sun from Earth appears to be the almost the same size as the full Moon, sometimes slightly larger and sometimes slightly smaller.
Sun Gods and GoddessesEdit
The Sun was formerly often thought to be a god or goddess who traveled through the sky. The Sun was thought to be male according to Classical Mythology where he was called Sol and Phoebus and by the Welsh where he is called Haul. The Sun is female in Irish where she is called Grian and in Germanic culture where she is called Sunne in Old English and Middle English. Lawman in his Brut lists Sunne as one of the deities worshiped by Hengist.
According to the Estoire del Saint Graal a devil from the image of Mars in a temple in Sarras, compelled by Josephes, took a large golden eagle from the altar to the Sun and used the eagle to break the images in the temple.
Sometimes within a mythology there may be more than one sun deity, or at least disagreement as to which deity is really the Sun. The word Solar is often used of a deity or hero/heroine who portrays some traits of the Sun in his or her story. For example, in Arthurian tales Gawain is often thought to be a ‘solar hero’ because in several texts Gawain’s strength increases towards noon and decreases soon afterwards.
Friedrich Max Müller (December 6, 1823 – October 28, 1900) built a reputation for years by explaining the solar meanings hidden in myths until sufficient writers with expertise showed that inventing explanations that could be true was not the same thing as scientific research. This is usually the fate of systems that are simple enough to be expounded by non-experts.