Tervagant (in later Middle English Termagant) is a god attributed to Muslims in Christian poems.

No-one has shown any way that Tervagant, or the other commonly attributed gods Apolin and Cahu, are in any way derived from authentic Muslim belief. They appear to be Christian slanders. Perhaps Tervagant and the others originally came from Muslims being classed as pagans, being non-Christian, and it being known that the Classical pagans, and Germanic pagans, and Irish pagans worshiped multiple gods. In some stories Vikings are much confused with later Muslim raiders.

The Italian form Trivigante is often considered the older form of the name, but it also is of unknown origin. Some suggest that Tervagant comes from Týr Magan ‘Mighty Týr’, supposedly a cry of Viking raiders. See Tidea for some information on Týr.

Tervagant in Lawman’s BrutEdit

In Lawman’s Brut, Tervagant is one of the gods worshiped by Hengist. This is the sole text to connect this supposed Muslim god to the Saxons.

Tervagant in Libeaus DesconnusEdit

When Guiglain (under the title Libeau Desconus) prepares to fight Malgiers, here called Maugis, lords and ladies lean forth from the windows and pray: “Help Libeaus the knight, and grant that that vile giant who believes in Termagaunt may die this day.”

Tervagant in the Vulgate CycleEdit

See Apolin#Apolin in the Vulgate Cycle.

Tervagant in the Histoire de GrimaudEdit

The Histoire de Grimaud retells the story of Josephes meeting Matagran and Argon, but in this version the god Apolin is replaced by Cahu. Tervagant is mentioned in both versions.

The giant Tharus calls on Tervagant, Cahu, and Jupiter in his battle with Grimal.

Post-Arthurian DevelopmentEdit

In drama Tervagant of Termagant was often portrayed as a bullying tyrant in an eastern robe. This led to the common term termagant meaning a loud, bullying person. The eastern robes combined with male actors playing female roles may have inclined some in the audience to understand Tevagant/Termagant as being a woman. In any case, a termagant became mostly associated with female bullies.

Some Name VariationsEdit

FRENCH: Tervagant, Tervagans, Tourvagant, Travagant; ENGLISH: Teruagant, Teruagant, Teruagand, Termagant, Termagaunt, Termagaunt, Termagawnt.

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