Tidea (or Tydea) is the name given in Lawman’s Brut for the English personage of the Planetary Gods connected to Tuesday.

Historically the god’s name was Tīw and his Old Norse counterpart was Týr. Lawman either had some genuine tradition about a variant of Tīw’s name or tradition is here garbled. Lawman’s name looks like a feminine form of the name.

Traditions Related to TīwEdit

Tīw is reconstructed in proto-Germanic as *Tîwaz (*Tē₂waz). There are a few examples of the Germanic god being identified with the Roman war god Mars, for example the name of Mars Thingsus (Thincsus) is found in an inscription on an 3rd century altar from the Roman fort and settlement of Vercovicium at Housesteads in Northumberland, thought to have been erected by Frisian mercenaries stationed at Hadrian’s Wall. It is interpreted as “Mars of the Assembly”.

The meaning of the name is simply ‘god’ and it is connected to other words meaning ‘god’ in other Indo-European languages, for example Gk. theōs, Lat. deus, Welsh dwy. But in Germanic use it seems the increasingly *Tē₂waz was use mainly as the proper name for that one god and other names were used as the general name for ‘god’ until *Tē₂waz became almost only recognizable as that single god’s otherwise uninterpretable name. By historical times, *Tē₂waz had dwindled in importance compared to Wōden and Thunor.

In Norse myth the god is known as Týr and is once called a son of Óðinn and once called the son of the giant Hymir. Týr is one-handed, having lost his right hand in the jaws of the wolf Fenrir when he falsely swore to release Fenrir.

Some Name VariationsEdit

ENGLISH: Tīw, Tidea, Tydea; OLD NORSE: Týr.

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